Vyom World.com  . Let's Touch the Sky Together!  
. . . . . . .
VyomWorld.com Home
Free Magazines!
VyomLinks.com Home
JobsAssist.com Home
Vyom Network
Contact Us
 Jobs & Careers
Resume Submitter
Placement Papers
IT Companies Directory
Computer Jobs
Interview Questions
Online Exams
Vyom Career eMag.
Screensavers New!
SMS Jokes
 Source Codes Library
Source Codes Home
ASP Source Codes
C Source Codes
C++ Source Codes
COBOL Source Codes
Java Source Codes
Pascal Source Codes
Submit Source Codes
GATE an Overview
GATE Preparation
Study Materal
GRE an Overview
GRE Questions
GRE Preparation
GRE Universities
 TOEFL Preparation
TOEFL Resources
 GMAT Preparation
GMAT Resources
 MBA Preparation
MBA Resources
 Networking Concepts
Networking Concepts
 Testing Preparation
Testing Resources
Free Traffic Builder
Webmaster Articles
Web Hosting
Hardware Tutorial
1500 Free eBooks New!
 FREE Publications
Vyom Career eMag.
Get 9,000+ Interview Questions & Answers in an eBook.

  • 9,000+ Interview Questions
  • All Questions Answered
  • 5 FREE Bonuses
  • Free Upgrades

    Get it now!

    Post your Resume to 5800+ Companies

    Reliable Web Hosting

    Get 9,000+ Interview Questions with Answers in an eBook

     Home >>GMAT >>Essays>>Essay - 22


    22. The following appeared in the editorial section of a newspaper.

        “As public concern over drug abuse has increased, authorities have become more vigilant in their efforts to prevent illegal drugs from entering the country. Many drug traffickers have consequently switched from marijuana, which is bulky, or heroin, which has a market too small to justify the risk of severe punishment, to cocaine. Thus enforcement efforts have ironically resulted in an observed increase in the illegal use of cocaine.”

    Discuss how well reasoned... etc.

        The conclusion in this argument is that increased vigilance by drug enforcement authorities has resulted in an increase in the illegal use of cocaine. The author reaches this conclusion on the grounds that drug traffickers have responded to increased enforcement efforts by switching from bulkier and riskier drugs to cocaine. Presumably, the author’s reasoning is that the increased enforcement efforts inadvertently brought about an increase in the supply of cocaine which, in turn, brought about the observed increase in the illegal use of cocaine. This line of reasoning is problematic in two important respects.

        In the first place, the author has engaged in “after this, therefore because of this” reasoning. The only reason offered for believing that the increased vigilance caused the increase in cocaine use is the fact that the former preceded the latter. No additional evidence linking the two events is offered in the argument, thus leaving open the possibility that the two events are not causally related but merely correlated. This in turn leaves open the possibility that factors other than the one cited are responsible for the increase in cocaine use.

        In the second place, the author assumes that an increase in the supply of cocaine is sufficient to bring about an increase in its use. While this is a tempting assumption, it is a problematic one. The presumption required to substantiate this view is that drug users are not particular about which drugs they use, so that if marijuana and heroin are not available, they will switch to whatever drug is available cocaine in this case. The assumption does not seem reasonable on its face. Marijuana, heroin, and cocaine are not alike in their effects on users; nor are they alike in the manner in which they are ingested or in their addictive properties. The view that drug users’ choice of drugs is simply a function of supply overlooks these important differences.

        In conclusion, the author has failed to establish a causal link between increased enforcement efforts and the observed increase in illegal cocaine use. While the enforcement activities may have been a contributing factor, to show a clear causal connection the author must examine and rule out various other factors.



    Recently Updated: New Placement Papers added.
    Vyom Network : Web Hosting | Dedicated Server | Free SMS, GRE, GMAT, MBA | Online Exams | Freshers Jobs | Software Downloads | Programming & Source Codes | GRE Preparation | Jobs, Discussions | Software Listing | Free eBooks | Free eBooks | Free Business Info | Interview Questions | Free Tutorials | International Business Information | IAS Preparation | Jokes, Songs, Fun | Free Classifieds | Free Recipes | FAQs | Free Downloads | Bangalore Info | Tech Solutions | Project Outsourcing, Web Hosting | GATE Preparation | MBA Preparation | SAP Info | Excellent Mobiles | Software Testing | Interview Questions | Freshers Jobs | Server Insiders | File Extension Directory

    Copyright ©2003-2019 Vyom Technosoft Pvt. Ltd., All Rights Reserved. Read our Privacy Policy