Home >>GMAT >>Essays>>Essay - 28
The following appeared in the editorial section of a local
“Commuter use of the new subway train is
exceeding the transit company’s projections.
However, commuter use of the shuttle buses that transport people to the
subway stations is below the projected volume. If the transit company expects
commuters to ride the shuttle
buses to the subway rather than drive there, it must either
reduce the shuttle bus fares or increase the price of parking at the subway
Discuss how well reasoned... etc.
concludes that the local transit company must either reduce fares for the
shuttle buses that transport people to their subway
stations or increase parking fees at the stations. The reasons offered to
support this conclusion are that commuter use of the subway
train is exceeding the transit company’s expectations, while commuter use of
the shuffle buses is below projected volume. This argument
is unconvincing because the author oversimplifies the problem and its solutions
in a number of ways.
To begin with, by concluding that the transit
company must either reduce shuttle fares or increase parking fees, the author
assumes that these are the only available
solutions to the problem of limited shuttle use. However, it is possible that
other factors—such as inconvenient
shuttle routing and/or scheduling, safety concerns, or an increase in carpools—contribute
to the problem. If so, adjusting fares or
parking fees would might not solve the problem.
In addition, the author assumes that reducing
shuttle fees and increasing parking fees are mutually exclusive alternatives.
However, the author provides no reason for
imposing an either/or choice. Adjusting both shuttle fares and parking fees
might produce better results. Moreover, if
the author is wrong in the assumption that parking fees and shuttle fees are the
only possible causes of the problem, then the
most effective solution might include a complex of policy changes—for example,
in shuttle fares, parking fees, rerouting, and rescheduling.
In conclusion, this argument is weak because
the author oversimplifies both the problem and its possible solutions. To
strengthen the argument the author must
examine all factors that might account for the shuttle’s unpopularity.
Additionally, the author should consider all
possible solutions to determine which combination would bring
about the greatest increase in shuttle